Personal training account system in France

Short case description

French experience in creating a legal system that provides long-life learning opportunities for all citizens at the national level. It aims to enable people to acquire entitlements to training throughout their careers with the help of personal training account (CPA) without losing them if they change employers.

Situation background

France has one of the highest unemployment rates (among Top-5 in EU) and the government is looking for solutions to reduce the unemployment rate with a retraining initiative, especially for youth lacking professional experience and low-skilled employers with limited opportunities for training.

Problem Statement

The need to create life-long learning opportunities for both employed and unemployed.

Steps to solving the problem

Each employer with > 10 employees is obliged to provide financing for education of their workforce, each employer contributes to a training wallet of every employee
Each employer is obliged to provide at least 1% of payroll to training opportunities provided by the company
Each person (anyone aged 16 or over who has a job, is looking for a job or is involved in a vocational guidance and integration project and self-employed) may set up individual training account (CPF) on a dedicated website (
Every year this account is credited automatically with hours, based on the declarations made by the employer. For a full-time employee, the account will be credited with 24 hours a year up to 120 hours, then with 12 hours a year up to a maximum of 150 hours.
An employer can ask him/her to use them for specific training but cannot force him/her to agree to it, and refusal to do so cannot be penalised.


In 2016, nearly 500 000 of the filed requests for using hours accrued under the CPF system were approved, 65% from job-seekers and 35% from employed workers
In 2016, training lasted on average 87 hours for workers and 370 hours for job-seekers

Additional information

Funding for the employed came primarily from:
the approved joint bodies collecting the training levies enterprises need to pay (OPCA), for 59% of applications received funding ranged from EUR 15 to 100 per hour; enterprises (18.2%); approved joint bodies financing the individual training leave and collecting enterprises’ mandatory contributions for this purpose (OPACIF) (13.3%)
Funding for the job-seekers came primarily from:
52.5% of training was funded by the joint fund for securing professional career paths (FPSPP), at a flat rate of EUR 9 per hour; 20.5% by the regions; 19.5% by the employment service.